relieve
vt. 缓解,消除,减少 lessenvt.
换班,换岗 take a duty from sb as a relief
形容词: relievable名词: reliever过去式: relieved过去分词: relieved现在分词: relieving第三人称单数: relieves
基本信息
外文名
relieve
释义
解除,减轻,使不单调乏味,换……的班,解围,使放心
英音
[rɪˈliːv]
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详细释义
中文释义
v.(动词)
1.衬托
2.使不单调乏味,使有趣
3.救援,救出,救济,救助,将(城镇从敌人的围困中)解围,援救
4.使宽慰,使放心
5.<口>偷,窃去
6.使显目,使显著,突出
7.使成浮雕
8.解除(职务)
9.使脱离,解脱
10.供应食品给
11.接班,接防,接替,给...换班,换...的班
12.缓和,缓解,减轻(问题的严重性)
13.调剂
英英释义
Verb:
1.provide physical relief, as from pain;
"This pill will relieve your headaches"
2.free someone temporarily from his or her obligations
3.grant relief or an exemption from a rule or requirement to;
"She exempted me from the exam"
4.lessen the intensity of or calm;
"The news eased my conscience"   "still the fears"
5.save from ruin, destruction, or harm
6.relieve oneself of troubling information
7.provide relief for;
"remedy his illness"
8.free from a burden, evil, or distress
9.take by stealing;
"The thief relieved me of $100"
10.grant exemption or release to;
"Please excuse me from this class"
11.alleviate or remove (pressure or stress) or make less oppressive;
"relieve the pressure and the stress"   "lighten the burden of caring for her elderly parents"
用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词
1.S+~+ n./pron.
2.The doctor oftenrelievethe poor.   那位医生经常救济贫民。
3.He devoted himself torelievingthe distressed.   他致力于救济受苦受难的人。
4.We did what we could torelievethe people in the flood-stricken areas.   我们尽了最大努力救济遭受水灾地区的人民。
5.The doctors did their best torelievethe patient.   医生们尽力减轻病人的痛苦。
6.He thinks it is his duty torelievethe sickness.   他认为消除疾病是他的职责。
7.Tearsrelievesher.   流泪减轻了她的痛苦。
8.The soldiers were sent torelievethe besieged city.   已派了军队去援救那个被围的城市。
9.They decided not to count on foreign aid torelievethe famine.   他们决定不依靠外援救灾。
10.They could suggest nothing torelievethe crisis.   他们提不出办法来缓和危机。
11.Rather thanrelievingthe situation, his action aggravated it.   他的行动不仅没有缓和局势反而加剧了局势。
12.His humorous remarkrelievedthe tension in the room.   他讲的那些幽默的话缓和了室内的紧张气氛。
13.The good newsrelievedus.   这个好消息使我们放心了。
14.It wouldrelievemy mind if some sort of understanding was reached between us.   如果我们之间能达成某种谅解,我就会宽心了。
15.No words canrelieveher sorrow.   什么话也不能减轻她的悲痛。
16.Shout if you want to, it willrelieveyour feelings.   要喊你就喊吧,这样你会好受些。
17.They can alsorelievespasm.   它们还可以治痉挛。
18.Can you give me something torelievemy headache?   你能不能给我点药把我的头痛止住?
19.They are effective inrelievingpain.   它们止疼很有效。
20.Cool waterrelievesthe pain of minor burns.   凉水可以减轻轻度烧伤的疼痛。
21.He willrelievea sickness teacher tomorrow.   他明天要为一个生病的老师代课。
22.The Government acted quickly torelievethe widespread distress caused by the earthquake.   地震造成大范围的灾难,政府迅速采取行动赈济灾民。
23.This medicine will relieve your headache.   这药将减轻你的头痛。
24.Anxiety may berelievedby talking to a friend.   和朋友交谈可以减轻忧虑。
25.They wererelievedat the news.   听到这一消息,他们放心了。
26.She feltrelievedat the prospect.   看到这样的前景,她感到宽慰。
27.The brown hills arerelievedby patches of green.   褐色的小山上点缀着一块块的绿色,显得不那么单调。
28.The guard will berelievedat midnight.
这卫兵要到午夜才换班。
29.You will berelievedat 12.
在12点钟会有人来替换你。
30.The sentry isrelievedat regular intervals.
哨兵每隔一段时间就换岗。
31.The general was relieved of his command.
将军被解除了指挥权。
32.He was relieved of his watch.
他的表被偷走了。
33.The route was designed to relievetraffic congestion.   这条路是为缓解交通拥挤而开辟的。
S+be ~ed+to- v /that-clause
1.We wererelievedto hear that she was out of danger.   听说她脱险了,我们的心才放下来。
2.I wasrelievedto see them back.   看到他们回来我才放心。
3.I wasrelievedto see that he seemed almost himself again.   看到他又恢复理智,我总算放心了。
词语用法
1.relieve的基本意思是“减轻,除去(痛苦、不安)”,指暂时而不是从根本上解除或减轻不愉快的感情、负担或痛苦。引申可表示“解除某人的职务等”。relieve还可作“给…换班”“换岗”解。
2.relieve是及物动词,接名词或代词作宾语。
3.relieve接agaist表示“在…的衬托下”,接at表示“因…而感到宽慰”,接from或of表示“免除”“解脱”。
常用短语
用作动词 (v.)
词汇搭配
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词
• relieve the boy's arm of pain减轻了孩子手臂的疼痛
~+副词
• relieve economically经济上减轻
• relieve effectually有效地减轻
• relieve greatly大为减轻
• relieve nationally民族地去除
• relieve painlessly无痛地除去
• relieve spiritually精神上减轻
• relieve ultimately最后解除
~+介词
• relieve against在…衬托下
• relieve at因…感到宽慰
• relieve by镶在…边上
• relieve sb from使摆脱,解除
• relieve sb from anxiety消除某人的忧虑
• relieve ...of使摆脱,解除
• relieve of sb's command解除某人的指挥权
• relieve sb of the burden减轻某人的负担
• relieve with用…来衬托
词义辨析
v.(动词)
• relieve from, relieve of
• 这组短语的意思都是“解除”。其区别是:
• 前者指解除或减轻痛苦、忧虑、危险,强调状态; 后者指解脱沉重的负担、包袱等,强调对象。
• relieve, comfort, soothe
• 这三个词都可表示“安慰”。其区别是:
• comfort指用鼓舞、安慰、希望减少别人的痛苦、伤悲; relieve指能暂时减少些痛苦,以便能容易忍受; soothe意思是缓和痛苦,使其镇静一些。例如:
• He always does what he can to comfort those who are in trouble.
• 他总是尽力去安慰处于困境的人。
• This is a drug that relieves headaches.
• 这是一种减轻头痛的药物。
• He'd got very annoyed about it, and it took all her tact to soothe him down.
• 他对此非常生气,她使出各种乖巧的 方法才使他平静下来。
• relieve, free, release
• 这组词都有“解除”的意思。其区别是:
• free指使某人或某物从某种限制的情况下解脱出来或释放,后面常跟介词from或of。release指使某人或某物较为具体地摆脱某种限制、束缚或痛苦,例如:
• He released her arm.他放开了她的手臂。
• The missile was automatically released by the computer.这枚导弹是通过计算机自动发射的。
• relieve指解除不愉快的感情或负担等,例如:
• It will relieve them of a tremendous burden.这将给他们解除一个巨大的负担。
• I wanted to relieve myself of these duties as soon as possible.我想尽快从这些责任中解脱出来。
• relieve, allay, alleviate, assuage, lighten, mitigate
• 这组词都可表示“使某事变得能够忍受或不太严重”。其区别是:
• relieve指减轻负担、灾难、痛苦或恐惧,强调使能忍受或忘却; allay一般指减轻到确实消痛或压惊的地步,但不一定完全消除; alleviate强调暂时或部分地缓解; assuage专指平息或缓和怒气等强烈的情绪,也可指把痛苦减轻到可以忍受的程度; lighten指减轻负荷或重压,从而产生轻松的影响; mitigate指缓和痛苦等的强度,但不一定暗示减轻到可以忍受的程度。
• comfort console ease soothe relieve
• 这些动词均含有“给人以帮助以减轻痛苦或悲伤”之意。
• comfort:comfort普通用词,指用语言或行动对痛苦者给予鼓励、勇气和力量,从而减轻其痛苦或悲伤,得到安慰。
• console:console较正式用词,侧重缓和或减轻别人的痛苦或悲伤。
• ease:ease正式用词,指减轻身心的痛苦、不安和忧虑。
• soothe:soothe着重以安慰减轻悲痛、愤怒或激动,使人理智地平静下来。也可指药物等减轻病痛。
• relieve:relieve指解除或缓解某人的病痛、担心或忧虑等,常用被动态。
词源解说
• 1300年入英进语,直接源自古法语的relever,意为救济,减轻;最初源自古典拉丁语的relevare:re- + levare (激励,减轻),意为救济,减轻。