[英] [ɪk'skju:s] [美] [ɪkˈskjuz]
1.N-COUNT借口；理由；辩解An excuse is a reason which you give in order to explain why something has been done or has not been done, or in order to avoid doing something.
• There's no excuse for behaviour like that...
• Solitude was no excuse for sloppiness.
• It is easy to find excuses for his indecisiveness...
• Once I had had a baby I had the perfect excuse to stay at home...
• If you stop making excuses and do it you'll wonder what took you so long.
• If you say that there is no excuse for something, you are emphasizing that it should not happen, or expressing disapproval that it has happened.没有理由；不应该；不是&hellip；的理由
2.VERB（尤指别人不赞同时）为…辩解，为…寻找理由To excuse someone or excuse their behaviour means to provide reasons for their actions, especially when other people disapprove of these actions.
• He excused himself by saying he was 'forced to rob to maintain my wife and cat'...
• That doesn't excuse my mother's behaviour.
3.VERB原谅；宽恕If you excuse someone for something wrong that they have done, you forgive them for it.
• Many people might have excused them for shirking some of their responsibilities.
4.VERB使免除（责任、义务等）If someone is excused from a duty or responsibility, they are told that they do not have to carry it out.
• She is usually excused from her duties during the school holidays...
• She was excused duties on Saturday.